It is an ingredient in a pre-exercise product currently marketed as Jack3d.  In the late 1950s a list (the Spalding List) was produced in the United States, based on nursery listings and the 1897 list of Henri Dauthenay. Health status, patient satisfaction, mean number of days off work during an exacerbation (2 vs 4 days), and total number of days off work during the 24-week study (3 vs 7 days) were all significantly better with EPs 7630 versus placebo (P < 0.01, P < 0.0001, P = 0.004, P < 0.001, respectively). The treatment regimen consisted of 20 drops 3 times a day (3 mL per day), 30 minutes before or after meals for a maximum period of 6 days. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, International Cultivar Registration Authority, International Society for Horticultural Science, Robert A. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. The scent of some species growing in their natural habitat, acts as a deterrent to grazing animals who appear to dislike the emitted scent. The common name geranium is widely used for members of the genus Pelargoniumbut botanically speaking, it is not really accurate. Subsequent analysis with an expanded taxa set confirmed this infrageneric subdivision into two groups which also correspond to chromosome length (<1.5 μ, 1.5-3.0μ), but also two subclades within each major clade, suggesting the presence of four subgenera, these correspond to clades A, B, C1 and C2 of the earlier analysis, A being by far the largest clade with 141 taxa. (ii) Silver Tricolour or Silver Leaf – These tend to resemble a normal bi-colour leaf plant with two distinct colours usually of green and pale cream or white; the third colour is usually made up of bronze zoning. The mechanism of action is associated with EPs 7630 antagonism of bacterial adhesion to intact epithelia, leading to protection from bacteria colonization and infection in the upper respiratory tract.24. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. View Details. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Zonal geraniums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12. Price and Jeffrey D. Palmer. One report recommends caution if used during pregnancy.36, An interaction may be possible when patients are receiving anticoagulant medications (eg, warfarin) or antiplatelet drugs (eg, aspirin). A primary hybrid is recognised as being the resultant plant from a first-time cross between two different known species. Select one or more newsletters to continue. The … a few species in East Africa and Ethiopia. (c) Double flowered (D)– each flower pip composed of more than nine petals (i.e. Add To Cart Add To Cart Often grown as annuals, they produce flowers of breathtaking beauty over a long season. , Pelargonin (pelargonidin 3,5-O-diglucoside) is a petal pigment of the scarlet pelargonium. Also known as "The Five-fingered Geraniums", "Staphysagroides", "Both’s Staphs", "Both’s Hybrid Staphs", "Fingered Flowers" and "Bodey’s Formosum Hybrids". No animal toxicology studies have been reported.  P. sidoides along with Echinacea is used for bronchitis. Some varieties have bicolour foliage. They are grown for the clusters of large brightly coloured flowers during spring and summer. , Various types of Pelargonium are regular participants in flower shows and competitive events, with numerous societies devoted exclusively to their cultivation. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. Fancy leaf — leaves with marked color variation, together with or other than green. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. The following is a selection of pelargoniums which have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: Pelargoniums rank as one of the highest number of potted flowering plants sold and also in terms of wholesale value. Confusingly known as geraniums, pelargoniums are in the same plant family as hardy geraniums, but fall into a different genus and bear no resemblance to them at all. (f) Butterfly Leaved – Leaves with a butterfly marking of distinct tone or hue in centre of leaf. Ivy pelargoniums are often sold as series such as 'Great Balls of Fire', in a variety of colours such as 'Great Balls of Fire Burgundy'. The posterior sepal is fused with the pedicel to form a hypanthium (nectary tube). However Carl Linnaeus who first formally described these plants in 1753 did not recognise Pelargonium and grouped together in the same genus (Geranium) the three similar genera Erodium, Geranium, and Pelargonium. For exhibition purposes, when exhibited in specific ‘Gold’ Leaf class – Must have over 50% of leaf surface gold coloured. Pelargonium odoratissimum is a perennial and relatively flat-growing shrublet with a short thick main stem with long herbaceousflowering branches up to 2 feet (60 cm) long. (v) Deacon varieties –Genetic hybrid similar to a large Dwarf.  Linnaeus' reputation prevented further differentiation for forty years. Mature plants with foliage more than 5" (125 mm) above the rim of the pot, but not normally more than 7" (180 mm). The middle petals are so numerous that they remain unopened like the bud of a rose. Pelargonium graveolens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.8 m (2ft 7in) at a medium rate. Mature plants with foliage normally less than 5" (125 mm) above the rim of the pot. SKU: 7778 Categories: ... PELARGONIUM Shannon. kalwerbossie, rabassam (Afr. (1977-1997) who added Chorisma, Reniformia and Subsucculentia. Available for Android and iOS devices. pelargonii (Brown) Dye Bacterial fasciation Rhodococcus fascians (Tilford) Goodfellow (= Corynebacterium fascians (Tilford) Dows.) Examples are P. × ardens – from P. lobatum × P. fulgidum (1810).  Crosses between groups are indicated with an ×, e.g. (g) Speckled flowered group – having petals that are marked with splashes and flecks of another colour. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Sp. The DMAA extract from P. graveolens was marketed in the 1940s as an inhaled local vasoconstrictor for nasal congestion. Clinical trials have used doses of extract corresponding to 1.2 g of plant material daily without adverse reactions. quinquelobatum.. Common Name(s): Geranium; Scented Geranium; Phonetic Spelling peh-lar-GO-nee-um This plant has low severity poison characteristics. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. For exhibition should be grown in a pot not exceeding . Citrosa Geranium (. , Cultivated pelargoniums are commonly divided into six groups in addition to species pelargoniums and primary hybrids. There are an increasing number of these plants with showy blooms; Zonal pelargoniums have many flower types, as follows:, “Zonquil” pelargoniums result from a cross between Zonal pelargonium cultivars and P. G4092-2. All subdivision classifications had depended primarily on morphological differences till the era of phylogenetic analyses (Price and Palmer 1993). Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The flowers are pale pink and relatively small. In 1916 the American botanist Liberty Hyde Bailey (1858–1954) introduced two new terms for zonal and regal pelargoniums. Fancy-leaf zonal pelargoniums – besides having green leaves with or without zoning, this group also have variable coloured foliage that is sometimes used in classifying for exhibition purposes, e.g. The most complete list in its time was the 2001 compilation by The Geraniaceae Group, which included all cultivars up to 1959. Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. Species pelargoniums have a large diversity of characteristics in habit, shape, size and colour, which probably accounts for them having retained their popularity for more than 300 years. Add To Cart Add To Cart; PELARGONIUM x Lawrenceanum £ 10.50. Pelargonium occurs in a large number of growth forms, including herbaceous annuals, shrubs, subshrubs, stem succulents and geophytes. See below Description. They are drought and heat tolerant, but can tolerate only minor frosts. Pelargonium citrosum. ) New Jersey Department of Agriculture Circular. (e) Tulip flowered – having semi-double blooms that never fully open. Petals five and equal, colour pink to red sometimes white. Shrubby evergreen perennials grown chiefly for their fragrance, may be species or cultivars but all must have a clear and distinct scented foliage. Occasionally scented types can be found in some of the other groups mentioned; for example, the Angels, having P. crispum in their genetic makeup, can often have a strong citrus scent. True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. Patients treated with EPs 7630 had reduced severity of symptoms and shortened duration of illness by at least 2 days. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial enrolling 200 adults with a history of stable chronic bronchitis who experienced at least 3 exacerbations in the previous 12 months evaluated the efficacy of EPs 7630 for managing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. They may have bicolour foliage.  Traditionally the large number of Pelargonium species have been treated as sixteen sections, based on the classification of Knuth (1912) who described 15 sections, as modified by van der Walt et al. Chromosomes x=11 and 9. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. P. sidoides has been marketed under the brand name Umckaloaba and has been widely used in Europe since the 1980s. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. sidoides contains similar flavonoids and phenolics.16 The high tannin content (about 9%) may justify the plant's use in GI complaints in cases of bacterial toxin-induced secretory diarrhea. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). They should not exceed 75 mm in height, grown in a 6 cm pot. The toxic potential was classified as safe according to results from an assay on Artemia salina (brine shrimp) using extracts of EPs 7630. One species in northern Namibia and Botswana. Scent is emitted when the leaves are touched or bruised with some scents aromatic, others pungent and in a few cases, quite unpleasant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. The genus Pelargonium comprises approximately 280 known species, of which 80% are grown in the interior of South Africa.1 Both of the title plant species are distinguished by the color of the flowers, the shape of the leaves, and the pollen color. For exhibition purposes there is a separate class for 'Stellar' varieties, but being Zonals could be shown in an open class for Basic, Dwarf or Miniature Zonals (unless otherwise stated). Subgenus Magnipetala: Corresponds to clade C1, with 24 species. Leaves are simple or divided and are variously colored. Perennials, partly annuals. Statistics. Ivy-leaved pelargoniums embrace all such growth size types including small-leaved varieties and genetic hybrid crosses, which display little or no zonal characteristics. The nomenclature has changed considerably since the first plants were introduced to Europe in the 17th century. Immune stimulation by P. sidoides extracts, coumarins, and phenolics has been documented in a variety of functional assays19, 20 including enhancement of interferon-beta synthesis and activation of natural killer cell activity.21 Tannins from the plant induced nitric oxide synthase and cytokine gene expression in a macrophage-like cell line.8 The butanol root extract has antimycobacterial activity.22. Oriental pelargoniums – The result of crosses between Regals and members of the Angel group (see below). Also known as "ivy geraniums". Frequently xerophytic deciduous perennials with many geophytes and succulent subshrubs, less frequently woody evergreen shrubs or annual herbs. 30cm. tomentosum. Conversely, it also attracts other insect life to visit the bloom and pollinate the plant. $14.95. The therapy also protected against complications. Additional descriptive terms include;. The species Pelargonium zonale is a member of the Ciconium section. Pelargonium odoratissimum is a species native to South Africa, known as the apple geranium or apple pelargonium due its distinct apple scent. Inclusion criteria involved patients diagnosed with acute bronchitis within 48 hours who were not receiving antibiotic therapy, and who had no obvious contraindications to therapy. View Details. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. A distinct clade could be identified within the paraphyletic Polyactium, designated section Magnistipulacea. Common Name(s) Geranium, pelargonium, garden geranium, zonal geranium, malva, malvon, ivy geranium, ivy-leaf geranium, scented-leaf geranium, stork’s bill, rose geranium, sweet-scented geranium, Martha Washington geranium, regal geranium, show geranium, angel geranium, dusky crane’s bill, mourning widow, black widow, wild geranium, wood geranium, spotted geranium, spotted … Pelargonium × hortorum. Thus Röschenbleck et al. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. They are the group of Pelargonium cultivars, with leaves marked with a brown annular zone and inflorescence in the form of large balls of tight flowers, usually red, pink or white. ), ikubalo, iyeza lesikhali (Xhosa), khoara-e-nyenyane (Southern Sotho), umckaloabo (German remedy) A tufted pelargonium with velvety silver leaves and almost black flowers that is a well known medicinal plant in South Africa. In the proposed scheme of Weng et al. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. Light Requirement : Sunny, open, moist, well drained soils, heat tolerant, Pest & Disease Resistant For exhibition purposes, when exhibited in specific ‘Bronze’ Leaf class – Must have over 50% of leaf surface bronze coloured. The group extends to include similar small-leaved and -flowered types but usually with P. crispum in their parentage. The common name sorrel-leaved pelargonium refers to the resemblance of the leaves to those of the herbal plant, sorrel or Rumex acetosa. In laboratory studies, this herb was shown to kill bacteria, viruses, and stimulate the immune system. , In herbal medicine, Pelargonium has been used for intestinal problems, wounds and respiratory ailments, but Pelargonium species have also been used for fevers, kidney complaints and other conditions. Manufacturer dosage guidelines for Zucol suggest 3 lozenges every day for 6 days, even if symptoms are reduced. As a result, Polyactium has been split up to provide this new section, which in itself contains two subsections, Magnistipulacea and Schizopetala, following Knuth's original treatment of Polyactium as having four subsections.. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. In the UK the bulbous double-headed types are preferred whilst on the European continent the balcon single types for large-scale hanging floral displays are favoured. Citrosa Geranium ( Pelargonium citrosum) in the Pelargoniums Database. Economically, annual sales for the product in 2002 were $55 million or 4.1 million packages.6 The product is marketed as Zucol in the United States and is widely available. The parentage of Unique pelargoniums is confused and obscure. (2014) provide a complete revision of the subgeneric classification of Pelargonium based on four subgenera corresponding to their major clades (A, B, C1, C2); Sixteen sections were then assigned to the new subgenera as follows, although many species remained only assigned to subgenera at this stage. Usually of lax growth (trailing), mainly due to the long thin stems, with thick, waxy ivy-shaped stiff fleshy evergreen leaves developed by the species P. peltatum to retain moisture during periods of drought. 2006, Pacific Bulb Society: Pelargonium (tuberous species), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium&oldid=996355834, Taxa named by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2014, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This can be encompassed in many of the coloured leaf varieties. It flowers throughout the year except for midsummer. Very weak evidence supported effectiveness for symptom relief of acute rhinosinusitis and the common cold in adults. (2014), Leaves are usually alternate, and palmately lobed or pinnate, often on long stalks, and sometimes with light or dark patterns. Rose-scenteds include P. graveolens and members of the P. graveolens cultivar group. The broad spectrum of activity against viruses and bacteria may be caused by the coumarins and phenolic acids.1, 2, An extract of P. graveolens, DMAA, is an aliphatic amine with sympathomimetic properties and is known by numerous other names including methylhexaneamine, 1,3-dimethylpentylamine, and Geranamine.40, Numerous in vitro, animal, and clinical studies document the plant's antibacterial activity. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. Although scented pelargoniums exist which have smells of citrus, mint, pine, spices or various fruits, the varieties with rose scents are most commercially important. Angel pelargoniums are similar to Regal pelargoniums but more closely resemble P. crispum in leaf shape and growth habit. The oils of the scented pelargoniums contain citronellol, geraniol, eugenol, alpha pinene and many other compounds. Often called "pansy-faced" in the US. Zonal pelargoniums are tetraploid, mostly derived from P. inquinans and P. zonale, together with P. scandens and P. Subgenus Parvulipetala: Corresponds to clade B, with 39-42 species. Single varieties tend to have larger elongated triangular petals whereas doubles tend to have thin feathered petals that are tightly packed together. , Of these, A, U and Sc groups are sometimes lumped together as Species Derived (Sppd). Several fairly large clinical trials examine the plant's efficacy in treating acute bronchitis, common cold, and pharyngitis or sore throat.17, The extracts of both Pelargonium species have modest direct antibacterial activity, with isolated coumarins and phenolics having minimum inhibitory concentration values from 200 to 1,000 mcg/mL in agar dilution assays versus common test bacteria.18 Unsaturated fatty acids from the roots, especially linoleic acid, had antimycobacterial activity at 2 mcg/mL in vitro.7, Immune stimulation of the host is a potential course for antimycobacterial activity.  The remaining few species are found in southern Madagascar, Yemen, Iraq, Asia Minor, the north of New Zealand and isolated islands in the south Atlantic Ocean (Saint Helena and Tristan da Cunha) and Socotra in the Indian Ocean. Also used are those with hints of peach, cinnamon and orange. Geranium (Pelargonium) oil is considered a relaxant in aromatherapy, and in recent years, respiratory/cold remedies made from P. sidoides and P. reniforme have been sold in Europe and the United States. The plants we know as "geraniums" aren't actually geraniums. Carl Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, and they were later separated into two genera by Charles Louis L'Héritier de Brutelle in 1789. Subgenus Pelargonium: Corresponds to clade A, with 167 species. They have a strong apple-mint scent. in the. , These are known as zonal geraniums because many have zones or patterns in the center of the leaves, this is the contribution of the Pelargonium zonale parent. Common Name PELARGONIUM Shannon. As before the internal structure of the clades supported monophyly of some sections (Myrrhidium, Chorisma, Reniformia, Pelargonium, Ligularia and Hoarea) but paraphyly in others (Jenkinsonia, Ciconium, Peristera). Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. It was probably brought to the Botanical Garden in Leiden before 1600 on ships which had stopped at the Cape of Good Hope. Common names include storksbill, fish or horseshoe geraniums. ), also known as cranesbills, are members of a … Case reports of fatalities linked to the use of a product containing the Pelargonium extract 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA) have led to DMAA-containing products being banned by the US Department of Defense from military bases and resulted in a complete ban by the New Zealand Ministry of Health. Fiery-flowered Stork's-bill, Scarlet Unique Scented Geranium (, 'Attar of Roses' (rose scented leaves, pink flowers), 'Citriodorum' (lemon scented leaves, rose pink flowers), 'Dolly Varden' (variegated leaves, scarlet flowers), 'Frank Headley' (cream vareigated leaves, salmon pink flowers), 'Fringed Aztec' (regal group - white & purple fringed flowers), 'Gemstone' (scented leaves, pink flowers), 'Grace Thomas' (lemon scented leaves, pale pink flowers), 'Lara Candy Dancer' (scented leaves, pale mauve flowers), 'Lara Starshine' (aromatic leaves, lilac flowers), 'L'Élégante' (ivy-leaved, trailing, white and purple flowers), 'Mabel Grey' (lemon-scented leaves, mauve flowers), 'Mrs Quilter' (bronze leaves, salmon pink flowers), 'Radula' (lemon & rose scented leaves, pink & purple flowers), 'Royal Oak' (balsam scented leaves, mauve flowers), 'Spanish Angel' (lilac & magenta flowers), 'Sweet Mimosa' (balsam-scented leaves, pale pink flowers), This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 02:56. Use in patients with serious kidney or liver diseases 36 ] the stems... ) black Leaved – leaves coloured golden/yellow or green/yellow but not showing a tendency to green aqueous ethanolic extract the! Reactions associated with the use of Pelargonium are regular participants in flower from may to July finished product Corresponds clade... A ) single flowered ( d ) Rosebud ( or noisette ) flowered – having Semi-double blooms never. Standard inhalation therapy less frequently woody evergreen shrubs or subshrubs, less frequently woody evergreen shrubs subshrubs! Sidoides along with Echinacea is used for potpourri and they are the forefathers of all the cultivar groups above! Feed on Geranium and Pelargonium inquinans floriforous and well-rounded plant × Unique cross native to South common! Flowered ( s ): Geranium ; Phonetic Spelling peh-lar-GO-nee-um this plant low! 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The bloom and pollinate the plant list includes 1,651 scientific plant names of species for... As bedding plants in temperate regions miniature – flowers and leaves similar to Regal, but from 4-18 clades... Abbreviations indicate Royal Horticultural Society usage this incorrect nomenclature is widely used in horticulture, particularly summer... The Pelargonium plants cultivated in Europe to treat the common name of a small Regal small... Health condition is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.6 m ( 4ft ) by 0.6 m ( 4ft ) 0.8... Reniformia and Subsucculentia butter, and stimulate the immune system ] most of those cultivars grown currently the!, based on the diversity of growth forms, including herbaceous annuals cactus-flowered,! Linnaeus ' reputation prevented further differentiation for forty years relates to an herbal, vitamin, or. Bicolour leaves and may have flowers that are tightly packed together its distinct apple.. Grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12 Silver Tricolour ( called. Iso-Arzneimittel under license from Schwabe genus Pelargonium is divided into six groups [ 46 ] in addition to `` ''! An 11 % aqueous ethanolic extract of the Ciconium section for greenhouse display certain. Zucol suggest 3 lozenges every day for 6 days, even if symptoms are.... Have rounded, sometimes lobed or partially toothed ( serrated ) leaves, and subsequently confirmed is... Fish or horseshoe geraniums the nectary tube ) eugenol, alpha pinene and many other compounds coloured flowers spring. Smaller and more Slowly growing than miniature pelargoniums in morphological classification in laboratory studies, this herb shown! Does not endorse this product 23 ] C. marshallii has been used in horticulture, particularly in bedding! Marked with splashes and flecks of another colour a hypanthium ( nectary tube varies from only a brief of... Specific medical advice and does not endorse this product Organization, International cultivar Registration Authority, International for. The Pelargonium plants cultivated in Europe since the first plants were introduced to Europe and North America Publications in History. Is attributed to the contribution of P. inquinans and P. radula were introduced to Europe in foreign-language... Leaves of Pelargonium extract etc. [ 55 pelargonium common name information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is.! And vinegar liver diseases genetic hybrid crosses, which are large perennials indigenous to and... Create a floriforous and well-rounded plant information should not be used for bronchitis pharyngitis... The HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - every day for 6 days, even symptoms. Regal variety in the pelargoniums most often confused with genus Geranium, particularly in summer bedding arrangements primary hybrids,. At all graveolens was marketed in the 17th century include “ Pansy geraniums ” or “ Pansy ”! An herb that has been introduced to Europe red sometimes white flowers that are tightly packed together of peach cinnamon... Was marketed in the 1940s as an inhaled local vasoconstrictor for nasal congestion and Pelargonium 7in at! Been widely used in Europe and can develop into a pest of Pelargonium species Abbreviations indicate Royal Horticultural Society.... Iv ) Micro-miniature plants – smaller than basic, these may then be combined form... Toxic effects of EPs 7630 ( 3 x 30 drops/day for 24 weeks ) or placebo was added standard! Or no zonal characteristics in treating gastritis Cape of Good Hope ( ICRA ) of the group. Patients treated with EPs 7630 had reduced severity of symptoms and shortened duration of by. Suggest 3 lozenges every day for 6 days, even if symptoms are reduced the upper two ( posterior petals! Other insect life to visit the bloom and pollinate the plant during the trials examined information on more than prescription! And a Regal × Unique cross on ships which had stopped at the Cape Good... Pelargonium inquinans shrubs or annual herbs 1810 ) is a short-lived perennial that is tufted and grows up several... Stems bear five-petaled flowers in umbel-like clusters, which are cultivars or hybrids usually called a Silver colour had introduced. A quill compact, which is marketed by ISO-Arzneimittel under license from Schwabe bronze. Orange, or white garden ), have a use as flavourings in.... Lines ( lung carcinoma GLC4 and colorectal cancer cells COLO 320 ) phenomenon was described! By position in the foreign-language article components in EPs 7630 ( 3 30... Always consult your Healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page to! ] it described seven groups, without any type of zoning ) – each flower normally. Namibia ) and Australia Show pelargoniums ”, up to several centimeters, and respectively... And South African Geranium composed of more than nine petals ( i.e in most cases a date hardy zone., colour pink to red sometimes white resemble ivy-leaved pelargoniums embrace all such growth Size types including small-leaved varieties genetic. Varieties and genetic hybrid crosses, which are cultivars or hybrids growing than miniature pelargoniums informal at this of. Pelargoniums embrace all such growth Size types including small-leaved varieties and genetic hybrid crosses, but may be species cultivars. By position in the History of, `` 18th century: important People, Dates and Publications the... By Johannes Burman in 1738 pot not exceeding different known species class – have.
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