Yet there are still a few creatures that rule their domain, even in America, and these are more than capable of making a meal out of the average human. With an average size of 8.2 ft (2.6 m) for females and 11.2 ft (3.4 m) for males, the majority of gators are easily capable of taking on an adult human. For comparison, the fastest humans running at world-record times in a 100 meter dash, are running about 20 MPH (32 KPH), but a typical adult human is no faster than an alligator. At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Alligators are shy animals that usually avoid human contact. A lifelong condition, those with lamellar ichthyosis are susceptible to skin infections and may be intolerant to heat. Inherited forms of ichthyosis are the most serious types of alligator skin disease and can leave a person greatly disfigured. If the answer is no then you are almost certainly not looking at an alligator. Alligators are considered nuisance if they are more than 4 feet long and are believed to pose a threat to people, pets or property. An alligator can live for more than 50 years in captivity. Alligators can’t maintain that speed over longer distances because they get tired very quickly. Your email address will not be published. This could be lakes, rivers, marshes or swamps. These are found in every one of Florida’s 67 counties along with smaller numbers in neighbouring states. Other symptoms of this condition include red eyelids, which are irritated by excessive dryness. Generally speaking alligators are afraid of humans having been hunted for centuries up to the point they were almost wiped out. Within their range alligators will live practically anywhere there is water, except the sea. Feeding alligators is illegal. Alligators have a long, rounded snout that has upward facing nostrils at the end; this allows breathing to occur while the rest of the body is underwater. X-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark scales on the torso and limbs. Given the proximity of large numbers of people to these animals it just goes to show that on the whole they really just aren’t that interested in eating us. It is an inherited condition that causes the development of large, dark scales on most of the body. Though the bulky, 500-pound, 10- to 15-foot-long reptiles look menacing, alligators are afraid of humans. However, it wouldn’t have stuck around for 180 million years if it wasn’t pretty good at defending itself too. Pay attention. This includes ponds, lakes, swamps, wetlands, marshes and rivers. The average American alligator is 13 feet long and weighs 790 pounds, but large specimens over 14 feet long and 990 pounds occur. Do not feed alligators. Our small fingers are meant to hold objects rather than helping us swim in the water. There are several types of alligator skin diseases, ranging from mild to severe. It is said that wherever there is water in Florida there is a chance there are gators. The disease can develop early in childhood, sometimes before the age of 4, according to the MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 1. Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. 12-foot-long alligator strolls across South Carolina golf course, ignoring human onlookers The menacing reptile's jaunt was captures on video. Alligators are not generally aggressive toward humans, but aberrant behavior may occur. Other names for this condition are steroid sulfatase deficiency and recessive x-linked ichthyosis. Even though alligators are huge and cold-blooded, they can be quite fast, with a top speed of 11 MPH (17 KPH) over short distances. Ten years ago there were an average of around 11 alligator attacks in Florida each year but this number has been slowly creeping upwards. The lifespan of alligators in the wild is 35-50 years. Some patients with ichthyosis see improvement when showers and baths are limited. Alligators would prefer to avoid interactions with people altogether. There are two different types of alligator, and they vary in size. Alligators and crocodiles do not have cutting teeth and must therefore rip apart any prey that is too big to swallow whole. However, it is the case that this predation may go both ways. They learn through repetition and recognition. All cases of ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers. Both males and females have an \"armored\" body with a muscular, flat tail. Well, I think we have already answered that question. His father and mother tried to rescue him; the father was attacked by a second alligator. The first is to ask yourself, “Am I in the southern states of the U.S.A. (or on the Yangtze river)?”. Alligators will slink away to … That's not surprising, since we nearly killed them off. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data. Your email address will not be published. All cases of ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers. Firstly, alligators will defend their nest if they think their young are in danger. Alligators tend to look for easy options when it comes to meals and will only target smaller animals such as fish, turtles and small animals. Ichthyosis vulgaris develops in as many as one out of 300 people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library. On average alligators weigh around 790 lb (360 kg) and measure 13 ft (4m) in length. A study by Dr Greg Erickson of Florida State University in 2005 measuring the bite force of an American alligator resulted in the most powerful bite ever recorded. American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Simpson has written and edited content for outlets such as 4Kids Entertainment, Discovery Channel, FOX Television and MSN. Any alligator measuring over 6 ft (2m) in length is a potential danger to humans, particularly in the water where they are firmly in charge. (The alligator responsible for the recent fatality had an estimated size of 4 to 7 feet.) The American alligator is significantly bigger than the Chinese, up to 10 times in many cases. Foundation for Ichthyosis & Related Skin Types. Caimans inhabit Mexico, Central and northern South America from marshes and swamps to mangrove rivers and lakes. The 17-year-old was taken to the hospital. One you’ll see in a while and the other you’ll see later! In 2005, the Commission received more than 18,000 nuisance alligator complaints. Alligators seldom bite people unless they are looking for food. Ichthyosis vulgaris is a genetic disease that causes dry, itchy skin that resembles scales. By by DAVID CAPLAN. You can probably figure out where they are found from the names! It is important to moisturize directly after bathing or showering. Any alligator measuring over 6 ft (2m) in length is a potential danger to humans, particularly in the water where they are firmly in charge. Alligators are smart, but not in a human way. They have four short legs; the front legs have five toes while the back legs have only four toes. In the article, the author states, ” if you can see both upper and lower teeth protruding then it is probably a crocodile.” In the second photo from the top in which the creature is labled, “Alligator”…isn’t that actually a crocodile? A full-grown alligator that is between 8 and 11 feet (2.4 and 3.4 meters) could weigh up to 1,000 pounds (453 kilograms) [source: Smithsonian National Zoological Park]. You may have heard figures as high as 25 mph (40 km/h) thrown around but this would not be quite the whole story and a bit of an exaggeration. They’re after an easy meal so anything to prevent this will go in your favor. Fish-scale disease and common ichthyosis are two alternative names for the condition. The oldest alligator in captivity in over 76 years old and lives in a zoo in Siberia. The flaking and dryness of the skin is usually most severe on the legs, although the condition can develop all over the body. How big are alligators? It is possible for people to acquire ichthyosis from certain diseases or drugs. Time of day is also a factor in alligator attacks with dawn and dusk being prime times to avoid. These scales are usually found near large joints and are susceptible to blisters and infection. Smaller alligators usually bite only once; however, up to one third of attacks may involve repeated bites. 18 – Alligators become sexually mature at about six feet (1.8 m) long and the adults form ‘bellowing choruses’ in late spring, repeating the bellowing for a few minutes at a time, several times a day, usually within a few hours of sunrise, and on those nights they gather for group courtship in ‘alligator dances’. Avoid vegetation-filled areas of rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water. The young have brigh… About Ichthyosis. An alligator, 4 to 7 feet long, dragged the victim under water in the Seven Seas Lagoon about 9pm on June 14, 2016, at Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa just outside ofT Orlando, Florida. The gharial normally attains a length of about 12 to 15 feet (3.7 to 4.6 meters). Like others in the croc family gators are armor-plated making it pretty hard to stop one with anything short of a hunting rifle. Even though these alligators are a threat to humans, they're still wary of us. Required fields are marked *. There are reckoned to be over a million alligators in Florida alone. Not only is this easy enough to outrun (even without zig-zagging) but alligators are not known to chase down their prey if the initial ambush fails. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made. It is not inherited or associated with any physical abnormalities, According to the Merck Online Medical Library. After this it is unlikely the alligator would manage to reach anything over 10 mph (15 km/h). On land, humans have high chances of outrunning an Alligator whereas in water it’s opposite. Where do alligators live? Keep an eye on your surroundings near fresh or brackish waters. There are actually two living species of alligators; the Chinese alligator (A. sinensis) and the American alligator (A. mississippiensis). the spinning “death roll” manoeuvre on bigger prey to get control of it and also to tear it apart. The skin itself is super tough but the real armor is on the back where the skin contains bony plates known as osteoderms. Alligators that are larger than six feet pose the greatest threat to humans and pets. Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is another rare form of inherited ichthyosis. Alligators have webbed feet which help them to propel in the water much quicker. I’m seeing uppers and lowers. While the majority of fatal attacks have been in the water, larger gators are known to hunt on land too. (22.7 kg). The alligator has a broader U-shaped snout compared to the longer, thinner V-shaped snout of the croc. Larger specimens can be over 1,000 lb (450 kg) and 14 ft (4.4 m) long. Take special care in places that are known to be home to these reptiles; this means definitely don’t swim and also avoid the water’s edge – alligators are ambush hunters and can lurk, unseen, just waiting for something or someone to come along. As apex predators alligators have a formidable array of weaponry – both offensive and defensive. This type of hunting usually takes place at night so mistaken identity is a real possibility. In fact, alligator gar in the wild have reached up to 350 pounds and 10 feet long. How fast can an alligator run? 11 Jul 2008, Hereditary and Acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris. The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. While there are treatments for the condition, there is no cure. Ichthyosis vulgaris is the most common form of inherited ichthyosis. Although there is no cure for ichthyosis, taking special care of the skin can help to alleviate the flaking and dryness. The skin on their back is armored with embedded bony plates called osteoderms or scutes. "Types of Ichthyosis." Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. Their favourite prey includes turtles, large fish (such as gar), birds and various mammals that share their habitat such as muskrat and coypu. I learned some stuff. Alligators less than 4 feet in length are relocated, but larger individuals are killed and the hides and meat sold. Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. Other reasons for bites include aggression from mating males, or females protecting their nests. June 3, 2017, 7:24 AM With an average size of 8.2 ft (2.6 m) for females and 11.2 ft (3.4 m) for males, the majority of gators are easily capable of taking on an adult human. They will also live in the brackish water found in estuaries and mangroves. To a large extent man is master of his environment and the likelihood of being attacked, let alone eaten, by a wild animal is pretty slim. The World's Deadliest and most dangerous... November 1, 2016 by Chris Simons 2 Comments. The classic way to tell is by looking at the teeth (from the side) when the mouth is closed; if you can see both upper and lower teeth protruding then it is probably a crocodile. An average human can run at a maximum speed of 15 mph, therefore most humans can easily outrun alligators. Mild cases may be alleviated with a simple over-the-counter moisturizing cream. It may also make the gator adjust its grip at which point you may have an opportunity to make your escape. Chinese alligators average 7 feet long and 100 pounds. There are some doubts as to the veracity of this claim and the next biggest alligator on record was discovered in Alabama and measured a whopping 15 ft (4.6 m) in length. The 13ft (4 m) wild gator gave a bite power measurement of nearly 3,000 psi – that’s 3 times the strength of a bone-crushing hyena bite. Bad joke out of the way, there are a few ways to tell these reptiles apart. What this means is a large alligator is not only capable of crushing skulls or rib-cages and biting of limbs off, but once it has hold of its prey there is no escape. What do alligators eat? X-linked ichthyosis is another inherited form of ichthyosis. Fact Checked Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. Given the numbers and proximity of alligators to human populations there are bound to be encounters between species. Xeroderma is a very mild form of ichthyosis that can develop at any time. 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